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AMA president warns of growing physician shortage: ‘It’s an urgent crisis’


In a speech at the National Press Club, Jesse Ehrenfeld said the problem stands to get worse in the coming years unless policymakers take action.

Jesse Ehrenfeld, president of the American Medical Association, is calling for attention to the physician shortage. (Image: AMA)

Jesse Ehrenfeld, president of the American Medical Association, is calling for attention to the physician shortage. (Image: AMA)

The nation’s physician shortage is no longer a prediction or worst-case scenario, Jesse Ehrenfeld says.

It’s a reality, and the problem is growing worse.

Ehrenfeld, the president of the American Medical Association, spoke about the physician shortage at the National Press Club Wednesday. He pointed to the high levels of burnout among today’s doctors, which is playing a role in driving some out of the profession. He also outlined steps to address the shortage of doctors.

“The physician shortage that we have long feared, and warned was on the horizon, is already here,” Ehrenfeld says. “It’s an urgent crisis … hitting every corner of this country – urban and rural.”

He cited estimates of more than 83 million Americans who live without easy access to a primary care physician.

“While our current physician shortage is already limiting access to care for millions of people, it’s about to get much worse,” Ehrenfeld says.

He also pointed to estimates from the Association of American Medical Colleges of a physician shortage of at least 37,000 over the next decade, and said the shortage could reach more than 100,000.

Physician burnout has reached record levels, and Ehrenfeld said that’s playing a role in the shortage. Researchers found that 63% of physicians experienced burnout in 2021, compared with 38% in 2020, according to a study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings last year. Ehrenfeld also cited the administrative demands on doctors that add to their stress and make it harder to focus on their patients.

The Physicians Foundation released a report last month that found that six in 10 doctors report feelings of burnout. The report also revealed alarming levels of stress among medical students and residents. More than half of medical students (55%) said they felt hopeless, and nearly two-thirds of medical students felt debilitating stress.

Ehrenfeld shared his own personal experience about the loss of a friend, an emergency physician, who died by suicide two years ago.

“He was an energetic and loving soul … a brilliant and caring doctor … who felt the weight of the pandemic on his shoulders,” Ehrenfeld said. “He struggled to get out from under it. I knew he struggled, but I didn’t know how to help him. And he didn’t know how to ask for help.

“I am still deeply troubled by his death, just as I am haunted knowing there are thousands of people in his community who can no longer be cared for by him,” he said.

The stress of the COVID-19 pandemic has also taken a toll on doctors, with one in five physicians saying they plan to leave medicine within the next two years, Ehrenfeld says. One in three doctors say they plan to reduce their hours.

The nation’s physician workforce is getting older, he notes. Nearly half of all doctors are over the age of 55, he says.

Medical schools are seeing an uptick in applications in recent years, including a surge of interest fueled by the pandemic, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges. But Ehrenfeld says it’ll take years to see progress, adding that it takes a decade to train a doctor.

Ehrenfeld also talked about declining Medicare reimbursements, which are hurting physicians. Healthcare organizations have been calling on Congress to reverse the trend of declining reimbursements, and Ehrenfeld reiterated that plea at the National Press Club. He called for the passage of legislation that would authorize annual increases tied to inflation for Medicare physician payments.

“When you adjust for inflation, the payment rate to physicians who care for Medicare patients has dropped 26 percent since 2001, which was my first year of medical school, with additional cuts planned next year,” he said.

In other steps to help keep doctors in medicine, Ehrenfeld called for Congress to pass reforms to the prior authorization process, which requires doctors to get approval from insurers for treatments and medication. He also decried what he described as the growing misinformation aimed at doctors and attacks on gender-affirming care.

Ehrenfeld also called for medical boards and providers to drop invasive questions on mental health on licensure and job applications.

Mental health advocates say doctors and nurses often don’t seek professional help to deal with depression and burnout because they are worried medical boards and their employers will find out about it.

Ehrenfeld noted that many reforms have the backing of not only healthcare professionals but lawmakers in Congress.

“Every day we wait, the size of this public health crisis grows,” Ehrenfeld says.

Getting help

988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline: Dial or text 988 to connect with someone. Help is available 24/7.

The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention offers resources for healthcare professionals.

NAMI: The National Alliance for Mental Illness offers “frontline wellness” resources for healthcare workers and public safety employees.

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